Updated: Jun 24, 2021
Did you know that the 21st century has experienced the highest temperature rise compared to the past centuries? Did you know that we, as human beings are one of the leading causes of this ongoing climate change crisis?
Human activities have been increasing significantly leading to these unfavourable climate change consequences.
We are releasing gigantic amounts of greenhouse emissions into our environment, hence contributing towards making the globe one degree warmer on average. Global warming is considered to be an unstoppable process across the world. Moreover, ocean levels are on the continuous rise due to toxic emissions.
There are several factors contributing towards climate change in the modern economic context with external factors such as Advancement in Technology, Rapid increase in Globalization, Industrialization and other contemporary trends.
The petrifying fact is that the temperature rise will not be linear, and, we do not have any idea where the tipping points are. According to recently informed guides, the planet will reach one or more tipping points in the near future. Extrapolating this negative trend has already stirred the global economy as ice sheets are already melting leading to question the entire global climate system.
There are five detrimental causes of climate change that has ripped off the entire global climate system;
Burning of Fossil Fuels – Fossil fuels are non-renewable energy sources that have a toxic influence on the economy. Humanity’s excessive use of fossil fuels such as gas, coal, and oil to supply 80 per cent of the world’s energy has created unfavourable impacts on the globe.
It is mainly used for transportation, to provide electricity, and to feed the modern advanced machinery and processes that produce a range of capital and consumer products and services, from steel to plastics to what not.
When fossil fuels are burned down by humans it emits carbon dioxide and other greenhouse emissions and gases, which in turn heats up the globe and impacts the atmosphere negatively. Hence contributing towards global warming and climate change. The top coal consumers in the world are; China, India, and the United States.
Deforestation – This robs us of a critical significant weapon in the battle against climate change and contributing further towards global warming and climate change due to the toxic emissions. According to World Wildlife Fund (WWF), forests cover more than 30 per cent of the earth land surface, it can fund 1 billion people with food, medicine and fuel.
However, deforestation is tarnishing extrapolated trends as increasingly forests are demolished especially in the tropics. The forests are utilized for timber, fuel, construction and manufacturing. According to Guardian, it is speculated that every second a chunk of forest similar to a size of a soccer field is lost.
Intensive Agriculture - The prime reason for deforestation is Agriculture. The globe’s staggering population increment has made it a great incentive for organizations to raze forests to plant mega crops such as soy and oil palm to accomplish substantial amounts of profits.
Moreover, in developing nations it is seen subsistent farmers clear trees to plant crops in order to feed their families and earn petty sums of cash to make a living. Increasing intensive agriculture is expected to increase greenhouse gas emissions such as methane and nitrous oxide.
Greenhouse gases- Several gases on earth’s atmosphere trap heat and hinders it from escaping into space. These are known as “greenhouse gases”. These gases are perceived as warming blankets in the earth’s atmosphere, known to emit the “greenhouse effect”. This comes from human and natural sources, the gases include; carbon dioxide, the nitrous oxide that naturally occurs in the environment.
However, the greenhouse effect is essential to survive on the earth, as it would be 30 degrees colder than it is today if the greenhouse effect does not exist naturally. However, due to rapid industrialization, the global temperature has increased drastically making today much warmer than it should be.
Volcanic eruptions – this is another major factor contributing to climate change. It creates and releases molten rock and lava, from the deep roots within the earth.
The eruption impacts the atmosphere due to the toxic gases and dust particles thrown into the atmosphere that directly affects climate change. Even though, volcanoes are located in few specific areas its consequences trails further.
In the above factors, it is clear human factors accounts for a great sum towards climate change. However, the good news is there are solutions to combat climate change.
The vital strategies and actions include; transforming to utilize renewable energy, sustainable transportation practices, effective waste management, moving towards a circular economy, and also sea and ocean preservation methods.
We have solutions! These are real, technically feasible and affordable alternatives and substitutes instead of utilizing fossil fuels that exist on earth.