Did you know that Food Security is an essential aspect of all United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)? Sustainability and food security are two elements to overcome fatal challenges across the world. Food security is a common issue inflicting challenge.
Food security and safety are two essential complementing elements to promote a sustainable future for the upcoming generations. Food security is a condition that exists when all individuals have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, close to 800 million humans across the globe do not have access to basic food, and over 2 billion individuals lack micronutrients in their daily food. Moreover, around 60 per cent of individuals in developing countries are consuming unhealthy food.
Sustainability is a vital dimension of food security to ensure the well-being of humans across the globe. As a case in point, sustainability is a significant aspect that all nations inculcate and enforce effective measures to achieve zero hunger and maximum food security. Food security and sustainability share several attributes.
Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Fund for Agriculture Development, along with the World Food Program, have developed a suite of universal food security indicators to measure if food security is achieved in each nation.
Food insecurity has become a global concern as it affects humans physically and mentally through poor social, physical, and cognitive development. These negative consequences will harass the future economic development of the world and will become an environmental disruptor with serious fatal repercussions as health levels will deteriorate over time.
The core dimensions of household food security include; physical availability of food, economic and physical access to nutritious food, the access to adequate food to ensure their well-being is promoted. Household Food Insecurity is the result of extreme poverty, poor health of the household, and poor household management strategies, leading to increasing food security issues.
The world population is seen to increase at a substantial rate leading to threatening the level of food production, the level of agriculture, and food security across the world.
It is estimated the total world population count will increase to 10 billion in 2050, therefore, it is essential to gain a feasible trade-off between sustainability, food security, and food safety to be able to feed the world without encountering issues.
In the modern economic context, food insecurity leads to psychosocial stressors that will increase the risk of poor mental and physical health. There are many direct and indirect and consequences of food insecurity that will be discussed as follows;
Poor Child Development
Food insecurity is a powerful stressor that impacts the psycho-emotional, social, behavioural, and intellectual development of infants and children. Other fatal issues include problem internalization such as depression and problem externalization such as aggressive behaviours. Food insecurity influences the moods and future development of children.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), food insecurity is a fatal problem leading to a wide array of infectious diseases that could lead to death and other sicknesses. One of the most infectious diseases is the novel coronavirus that radically impacts the globe, leading to high mortality rates and distress levels.
Food insecurity is associated with other issues such as the double burden of malnutrition and diabetes leading to various obesity issues. This issue is penetrating in countries such as Brazil, Mexico, Latin America
The UN organization and world leaders are formulating effective strategies and actions to eradicate hunger and achieve zero hunger levels by 2050. It is vital to put in more efforts and generate innovative solutions to ensure the world is not impacted negatively concerning these growing food security concerns.
The global food security and sustainability issues are penetrating due to agricultural production, ineffective global supply chain, increase food losses and waste, and malnutrition. Many international communities and organizations are pessimistic about the food concerns in the future to eradicate hunger within the next generation, even though, they are working together to achieve this goal.
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